Race and Ethnic Group Filters

The Census Bureau has reclassified the race and Hispanic origin groups many times. Most of the reclassifications involve the American Indian and Alaska Native tribes. The Census Bureau made these revisions based on specific requests and suggestions from tribal leaders, American Indian advisors, and data users, and on other research. Reclassifications occurred after Census 2000 and the 2010 Census. In addition, the American Community Survey uses its own classification.

For example, "Hopi" is now a separate tribal grouping, but was classified under the "Pueblo" tribal grouping in Census 2000. Also, the broad "Latin American Indian" grouping has been replaced by the individual tribal groupings of "Central American Indian," "Mexican American Indian," "South American Indian," and "Spanish American Indian."

To accommodate these reclassifications, American FactFinder provides the “Code Base” filter group as part of its race and ethnic group search capability. Each of the entries in this group represents one of the reclassification schemes:

     “2000” contains the race and ethnic group definitions that were in effect for Census 2000;

     “ACS” contains the race and ethnic group definitions used by the American Community Survey, and

     “2010” contains the race and ethnic group definitions that were in effect for the 2010 Census.

Some groups are in all three code bases. You can see which classifications a group is in by looking at the values in the “Code Base” column for that group. For example, if you want data from Census 2000, be sure the Population Groups you choose contain “2000” in the “Code Base” column.

When you select one of the “Code Base” entries, the list of Population Groups available to you are only those that are in the selected classification.

 

Race

The filters here will return any race group that falls within the major race category selected. For example, if you select "Asian" your results will include the population groups for people who reported the major race group alone (e.g., Asian), any of the 57 combinations of races that includes Asian (e.g., Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some Other Race) as well as the detailed race groups that make up Asian (e.g., Korean).

 

Hispanic Origin

Hispanic: The filter will return any population group that includes people who are Hispanic, including Hispanic or Latino (of any race), detailed Hispanic groups (e.g., Cuban) and Hispanic origins by race (e.g., Asian alone, Hispanic or Latino). Hispanic origins are not races. People who identified their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be of any race.

Not Hispanic: The filter will return any population group that includes people who are not Hispanic, including Not Hispanic or Latino, and non-Hispanic origins by race (e.g., White alone, not Hispanic or Latino).

 

Hispanic Origin by Race

Hispanic by Race: The filter will return any population group that includes people who are Hispanic by which race(s) they identify with, (e.g., Asian alone, Hispanic or Latino). Hispanic origins are not races. People who identified their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be of any race.

Not Hispanic by Race: The filter will return any population group that includes people who are not Hispanic by which race(s) they identify with (e.g., White alone, not Hispanic or Latino).

 

Basic/Detailed Groups

Basic Groups: The filter returns any population group that describes the 6 major race groups (White; Black or African American; American Indian or Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; and Some Other Race) either alone or in combination with each other or an Hispanic origin. Here you would find either White alone, White alone or in combination, White; Black; Some Other Race, and White alone, Hispanic or Latino.

Detailed Groups: The filter returns any population group that is considered a detailed race or Hispanic origin group either "alone" or "alone or in any combination." A detailed group is a race or Hispanic origin that can be considered a part of a larger race group or Hispanic origin. For example, Korean is a detailed race group that is a part of the Asian major race group. Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and Hispanic are major races or ethnic groups which include detailed groups.

Tribal Grouping: The filter returns any population group that is considered a tribal grouping within the American Indian and Alaska Native major race group. A tribal grouping refers to the combining of individual American Indian tribes, such as Fort Sill Apache, Mescalero Apache, and San Carlos Apache into the general Apache tribal grouping.

Tribe: This filter returns any population group that is an individual tribe such as Fort Sill Apache, Mescalero Apache, and San Carlos Apache.

 

Race alone/alone or in any combination

Race Alone: The concept “race alone” includes people who reported a single entry (e.g., Korean) and no other race, as well as people who reported two or more entries within the same major race group (e.g., Asian). For example, respondents who reported Korean and Vietnamese are part of the larger “Asian alone” race group.

Race Alone or in Combination: This filter covers two separate race concepts, "race alone or in combination" and race alone or in any combination."

For the major race groups, the concept “race alone or in combination” includes people who reported a single race alone (e.g., Asian) and people who reported that race in combination with one or more of the other major race groups (e.g., White, Black or African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and Some Other Race). The concept “race alone or in combination,” therefore, represents the maximum number of people who reported as that major race group, either alone, or in combination with another race(s). The sum of the six individual race "alone or in combination" categories may add to more than the total population because people who reported more than one race were tallied in each race category.

The concept “race alone or in any combination” applies only to detailed race iteration groups, such as American Indian and Alaska Native tribes, detailed Asian groups, and detailed Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander groups. For example, Korean alone or in any combination includes people who reported a single response (e.g., Korean), people who reported Korean and another Asian group (e.g., Korean and Vietnamese), and people who reported Korean in combination with one or more other non-Asian race groups (e.g., Korean and White).

 

Race Combinations

Race combinations allow you to select population groups from within the 57 race combinations of major race groups (White; Black or African American; American Indian or Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; and Some Other Race) by how many individual major race groups are in a combination. For example, you can look for all single race groups, combinations of 2 races, all combinations of 3 races, and so on.

 

Detailed American Indian Tribe/Tribal Group

The American Indian categories shown represent tribal groupings, which refer to the combining of individual American Indian tribes, such as Fort Sill Apache, Mescalero Apache, and San Carlos Apache into the general Apache tribal grouping. If you select a tribal grouping from this filter list, the tribal grouping itself and all of the individual tribes within the tribal grouping will appear in the "Race and Ethnic Group Results."

 

Detailed Alaska Native Tribe/Tribal Group

The Alaska Native categories shown represent tribal groupings, which refer to the combining of individual Alaska Native tribes such as King Salmon Tribe, Native Village of Kanatak, and Sun’aq Tribe of Kodiak into the general Aleut tribal grouping. If you select a tribal grouping from this filter list, the tribal grouping and all of the individual tribes within the tribal grouping will appear in the "Race and Ethnic Group Results."

 

Ancestry Group

Ancestry refers to a person’s ethnic origin, heritage, descent, or “roots,” which may reflect their place of birth or that of previous generations of their family. Some ethnic identities, such as “Egyptian” or “Polish” can be traced to geographic areas outside the United States, while other ethnicities such as “Pennsylvania German” or “Cajun” evolved in the United States.

 

Country of Birth

The foreign-born population is shown by selected area, country, or region of birth. The places of birth shown in data products were chosen based on the number of respondents who reported that area or country of birth.